Association of Commerce and Trade.
Founded in 1903 by American citizens
for the promotion of Commerce and Trade.
CABLr. ADDRESS CABLE CODES
■•A.VIASCOT" WESTERN UNION
TELEPHONE: ZE.NTRUM 8422 A. n. C. LIEBER'S COMMERCIAL
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Association of Commerce and Trade
roXTKBXD 1908, OFFIOES EQinTABLE BUILDINa, FRTEDRIOHSTR. »/«).
The Equitable Bnilding
HEADQUARTERS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION
OF COMMERCE AND TRADE IN BERLIN
HOLLAND AMERICA LINE
Weekly Passenger Service between Rotterdam and New York
via Boulogne sur Msr. Modern Twinscrew Steamers of 12531-24170 Reg. Tons.
Triple Screw S. S- STATENDAM 35000 Reg. Tons. 45000 Tons Displacement.
For all information and passage tickets apply to the Holland Anerlca Line at Retterdui or
AL PETERS, UNTER den linden 6, BERLIN
From BERLIN to LONDON via
HOOK OF HOLLAND - HARWICH (THE SHORT CUT)
19 HOURS " '
Isl. Class M. 83.0O — II nd CI. M. 54.80 — II nd C\. and 1st CI. boat M. 6130
For tickets and freo resarvalion ol seats in the cars, as well as berths on Mia boat, apply to
A|_ PETERS O/ficial Ticket Office Great Eattem
6 UNTER DEN LINDEN 6 Railway & HoUdndische Eisenbahn
D □ □
JEWELLERS, GOLD AND SILVERSMITHS
BY SPECIAL APPOINTMENT TO
HIS MAJESTY THE GERMAN EMPEROR
HER MAJESTY THE GERMAN EMPRESS
BERLIN W., 4a UNTER DEN LINDEN
□ □ □
BERLIN: 118 LEIPZIGEB 8TRASSE
Branches; Cologne, Dresden, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich, Vienna, New York, San Francisco
LATEST UNITED STATES REAPPRAISEMENTS
OF GERMAN IMPORTS.
25016- Silks.— From Otto Boessneck & Co.. Glauchau.
019— Mfr. Metal —From Fichtel & Sachs. Schweinfurt
028— Leather Cases, etc— From Philipp Deutsch, Frankfort,
030— Cameras, etc.— From I C A, Dresden.
031 — Cameras, etc. — From I C A, Dresden.
033— Toys.— From F. W. Mailer jr., Berlin.
034— Cotton Yam. — From P. Kunfermann, Krefeld.
035 — Bronze Powder. — From Metallpapier-Bronrefarben-Blatt-
047 — Artificial Silk Fabrics.— From Gustav Jacobiny, Crefeld.
048— Artificial Silk Fabrics. — From Gebr. Schaub. Viersen.
049— Artificial Silk Fabrics — From Gebr. Schaub, Viersen.
050 — Demijohns. — From Gebrilder Stoevesandt, Rinteln.
052 — Cotton Velvet.— From M. Maugers & Sohne, Berlin,
056 — Beaded Articles. — From Emil Hein, Eibenstock.
063 — Music Wire. — From Felten & Guilleaume CarlswerkeA.-G.,
066 — Mfr. Flax. — From Regenhat & Raymann, Freiwalden.
067 — Enameled Ware. — From Eisenhutte Silesia, Berlin.
068 — Aluminum Ware. — From Aluminum Friedenberg, Berlin.
071 — Enameled Ware.— From E. F. Beeger, Schwarzenberg.
072 — Enameled Ware, etc. — From Emaillierwerke Lauter and
[Ernst A. Hecker, Berlin.
073— Blank Books. — From Kirchner & Co., Barmen.
081 — Manufactured Cotton.— From Heinrich Hoh, Peterswalden.
084— Decorated China.— From Heinrich Winterling, Berlin,
085— Decorated Earthenware.— From Villeroy & Booh, Berlin.
092 — Ink.— From Siegwerk Chem. Laboratorium, Siegburg.
095— Cutlery.— From Gebr. Schmacbtenberg, Solingen.
109— Toys.— From Ernst Paul Lehmann, Brandenburg.
112— Oxygen Cylinders. — From Mannesmannrohren - Werke,
113— Paper. — From Brangs & Heinrich, Solingen.
114— Paper.— From Brangs & Heinrich, Solingen.
117— White China. — From Galluba & Hoffmann, Berlin.
121— Bronze Powder.— From Georg Schorr & Co., Nurnberg.
123— Nitrate of Yttrium.— From Dr. O. Knofler & Co., PlOtzensee.
137— Toys —From Julius Rudert. Hamburg.
138— Slate Pencils —From Erste Thur Griffahl, Sonneberg.
144— Manufactured Metal.— From Herm. Oschatz, Gispersliben.
148- Decorated China.— From Heinrich Winterling, Berlin.
ALL-STEEL UP-TO-DATE OFFICE FURNITURE
SHOULD BE USED IN EVERY OFFICE
FIREPROOF, DURABLE, CONVENIENT
ASK FOR MY BOOKLET
EUGEN ZIMMERMANN, BERLIN
61 FRIEDRICH-STRASSE 61
TRANSATLANTIC AND PACIFIC REMOVALS
LARGEST AND OLDEST LIFT VAN COMPANY OF EUROPE
MODERN FIREPROOF STORAGE WAREHOUSE
A. B. C. AND LIEBERS CODE
W. A. C. KEIM, HAMBURG, PLAN 7-9, ECKE RATHAUSMARKT
CABLE ADDRESS: "SPEDITIOaSHAUS HAiBURQ"
C. p. Eccardt & Co., Kloster-Kellerei
Court-Purveyors, Bankers, Kreuznach, Rhineland, Germany.
Wine Growers & Shippers of German Winee
Rhine, Moselle, Nahe & Pfalz.
Still & Sparkling -f White & Red -f in Bottles & in Wood.
Large Export to the U. S. since 1865.
U.S. Branch: C. F. Eccardt & Co., 77 Broad Street, New York.
Telegrams ; Eccardt Kreuinach - Eccardt Neo York, ABC Code IV& V.
TWO LEADING HOTELS
High ClassFamily House &Boarding Establishment
Quietly situated within easy reach of Central
Station. Home of prominent Cosmopolitans.
APARTMENTS and Single Rooms with
Private Bath and Toilet. Hot and Cold
Water m every Room. Magnificent Hall.
Moderate Terms. F. Kuhn, Court Purveyor.
NEWLY BUILT UP-TO-DATE FIRST CLASS FAMILY HOUSE AND
nnL^l"*" ^^^^ RUNNING WATER IN EVERY BED ROOM
ROOMS AND SEPARATE SUITES WITH BATH AND LAVATORIES.
SPACIOUS LOUNGE AND TEA-ROOM.
DRESDEN-A. F. BALBIAN, prop.
MtlNCHNER STR. 1 u. 1 b!
FORMERLY MOTEL NEW YORK.
Association of Commerce and Trade
FOUNDED 1903. OFFICES EQUITABLE BUILDING, TRIEDRIOHSTR. 69/flO.
VOL. XU. BERLIN, NOVEMBER, 1914. No. ».
THE TWELFTH ANNUAL^GENERAL MEETING.
Members are informed that the Twelfth Annual Meeting
for the election of Officers and Directors will be held Saturday
Eyening November 28, 1914 at eigh» o'clock sharp at the
rooms of the Association Friedrichstrasse 59 — CO. A full atten-
dance is requested. A buffet lunch will be provided.
The following gentlemen have been nominated bj the
For President I. Wolf, jr.
First Vice-President W. A. Derrick
Second Vice-President . . . . M. C. McCann
Third Vice-President L. Ph. Witzleben
Treasurer Richard Siering
Directors for Two Years:
G. H. Wark
Dr. G. A, Kubler
Justizrat Dr. Victor Schneider.
- w —
FOREIGN SALES AND THE WAR.
New York. Sept 21, 1914.— Prior to the European war orden
for merchandise were placed abroad for shipments to New York
during the month of August. Between sellers and buyers there
is no dispute as to the fact that shipments cannot be made due
to conditions arising out of the European war, but question*
1. Has the seller the privilege to cancel orders placed, and.
If so, is seller required to give notice of cancellation?
2. Has the buyer the privilege to cancel order placed, and.
if 50 is the buyer required to give notice of cancellation?
3. Has the seller, without notification of any kind, the optioa
of shipping the orders after the war is over although the time
of shipment, according to contract, has expired, or, to give notice
after the war is over that the orders have been cancelled?
Orders placed abroad prior to the war and that cannot be shipped
during contract time on account of the war. Do such orders be-
come automatically cancelled?
Reply.— 1. There is nothing in our correspondent's state-
ment of this case to show that the seUer has a right to cancei
these orders. I! he have such right he would probably be re-
quired to give notice of canceUation. though we cannot be quite
sure of that unless we know what there is in the contract givinff
him a right to cancel in any event.
2. The buyer, so far as we are informed, has no riiyht to
cancel the order. °
3. The time of shipment is fixed in this case. It is the time
named in the contract, if any; if no time is therein named, then
shipment is to be made in a reasonable time. If. for any reason
(whether through the fault of the seller or not) shipment be not
made in a reasonable time, the contract is at end. Wars have
been known to last for 8 years and for 30 years; and a contract
does not remam in abeyance, tiU the war is over. A contract
must be performed at the proper time or acceptance of perfor-
mance cannot be compelled
JOURNAL OF COMMERCE.
GREAT BRITAIN AND CONTRABAND.
We quote the following timely remarks from Bradstreet's:
rr«,f1^"!''-*^'-''"'''°" ^^''^"8^ respecting the attituda of
St?ti w 'T'^ ^° shipments of foodstuffs from the United
.!T ■ , the British ambassador at Washington has
authorued the announcement that his government intends to revise
Itandlnrr" ^''^^ardrng contraband. In the meantime, an under-
standmg has been reached with the State Department under
which goods,_such as foodstuffs, consigned to Hc^land In neutral
l\Sd an 'L'f P''' '° "^^'"'^ Netheriands government has
placed an embargo on exportations, will not be treated as
- •» -
^^^f' 4 ^ understood that this arrangement i. !n oart
Dn ch border. A different course has bien foUowed by
»h.vf r^'T'^u^' *° »«nie shipments of copper
bin H.? -"^H f'^'PP«^J''«'n United States to Holland have
^JTT^'^ ''^^e intended for a K
armament concern in Germany. The full value of the carlo^
Briti,hTT' '''"'^'^ American shippers
T HV ' ^''^ ^^^^''^^ intended to be
treated as conditional contraband, unwrought copper lead
ISels S^Tular h 5P°r'^«" Germany in American
WILL GERMANY LOSE SHIPS AS WAR PRIZES?
The war's effect on the maritime standing of the warrinjr
power, depends largely on the attitude ol thi prixe courts of
Angiand and Germany,
^® ?'"?"!5'^ Co"»'t. ««t>ng at London under the
pidance of Sir Samuel Evans, has shown a dispostion to refrain
from condemning merchant vessels seized in BriUsh harbors at
the outbreak of hostilities It will be recalled that on August 4
r« ^""^ '^f'^ Germany that a state of war was in
«tect Sir Edward Grey sent telegrams to both Berlin and
Vienna asking whether Germany and Austria would give consent
»o a period of grace in which to allow the shipping of the three
nations to depart from enemy ports, and that they be given
passes providing for their voyage unmolested to a home port.
Austria entered into such an arrangement with England
with the result that ships flying the Austrian flag which were
seised by England were later released and aUowed to proceed
lo Austrian ports. Germany, however, did not reply to England's
inquiry and her faihire to do so has caused much confusion in
the administration of priae court procedure.
Sir Samuel Evans, in the first case which came before him,
that of the sailing vessel Chile, which was seized in the harbor
of Cardiff— decided that in view of Germany's failure to enter
into an arrangement for the release of British vessels held under
similar circumstances to the Chile, the Chile properly belonged to
the Crown, but that he would not condemn the vessel and would
Issue an order for its detention, final adjudication pending the
receipt of official advices as to Germany's dispostion of British
▼essels which were seized in German ports.
The question arises, would it be more profitable for Germany
»o relinquish all future cbim on the 894 German vessels held by
— 58 -
England, hoping that the Britisch vessels now German prizes
will more than compensate the nation at large. For a time it
was believed that Germany held almost 1000 British vessels in
Hamburg and Bremen, but this theory is dispelled by the fact
that not more than 4000 foreign vessels entered either Hamburg
or Bremen during the course of a year.
It is therefore behaved that should England continue to
show a disposition to maintain its attitude to release German
vessels seized contrary to Article II of The Hague Conference,
which is binding on both Germany and England, Germany will
at some later time indicate that it wUl release all British mercantile
vessels now held in its ports.
In reference to the release of neutral cargo in German
Steamers which have been captured or seized, England has already
mdicated that it would facilitate the release of such cargo. A
special commission was appointed to deal with cargoes of grain
consigned to Germany in British ships which were diverted to
English ports. These cargoes are being sold in England and the
American shippers are being paid.
The naval prize court at London has freed shipments of
various commodities on German steamers which are still awaiting-
hearing by the prize court. The goat skins on the Ger^nan
steamer Schneefels, held at Gibraltar, have been relased while
word was received this week that a shipment of brewers' grains
on the steamer Prinz Adalbert, which is held by England at
London, was also released.
It is apparent that the administration of prize court procedure
Will occupy the attention of English authorities for many years
to come. The laws affecting the disposition of prizes of war
have never been tested. Since the Crimean war England has
not had a prize court in session, and while the rules governinff
the procedure were revised a short time before the outbreak of
hositihties, Sir Samuel Evans, president of the prize court, has
indicated that the decisions now being handed down, hSns of
significant importance, must necessarily be carefuUy considered
taken °^ ^'^'^ht. dock dues for vessels
taken into ports after being captured, tke payment of charges oa
vessels which were seized in British ports and a host of^?thi
miportant questions will tax the prize court, and each deciS
^lii gr cio^^^i':. ^"^'^ ''"^"-'''y -''^
Journal of Commerce, New York.
BOYCOTT OF AMERICAN GOODS IN GERMANY.
th;.t tJlr^^"'"^ ^'^""^^^ *° attention of our Association
that there was a disposition to boycott American goods in G^
many, we immediately took steps to in vestigate thfs rnatter and
communicated with the press as well as various Chambis ot
Commerce and other commercial organisations in Germany We
are, however, pleased to say that we received very favorable
— 53 —
repl,^ from the various bodies in the following cities- Berlin
Freiburg, B.. Du.sburg, Leipzig, Zittau, Wiesbaden. Regensbur;'
Bonn, Stuttgart and Chemnitz, and quote herewith the rS
received from the Handelskammern Frankfurt a. M/and CheSt?
and also the Potsdamer Handelskammer in Berlin :
zu Frankfurt a. M. October 23, 1914.
hnv.n5!"orA""^ ''^I''^^' '■^'^^"''y •■^^^•^^d from you regarding
boycott of Amencan products, we would say that no such tendencf
has come to our notice, and we do not believe that the idea of
boycotting American goods would meet with any support in
German business circles. . . ^ auppuri m
;ind Jf/ ''^^^ ^"""'■^ '"^'^^o^^'-- that Germany's commerce
and trade and we especially, lay great stress upon developing
and strengthening the trade relations with your country wf
would, therefore, warmly welcome any efforts on your part to
tV.Tf /'f^""°"r °^ y"^' '^°""'ry'»en and especially the press,
the friendly feeling of the German nation towards them. In oui^
opinion a great deal could be achieved towards this end if
through your influence fairer judgment would be passed upon
Germany by the American People, thus paving the way for the
conviction that all rumours pertaining to unfriendly action on
the part of Germany towards America, are to be received with
distrust and must be considered as malevolent lies on the part
of our enemies. ,o- ,
zu Chemnitz. October 14, 1914.
, In answer to the circular received to day from vou con-
cerning boycott of American products, we would say that in our
district there is no thought of boycotting American goods and
that we have not observed any such tendency among the trade
or the pubUc of this district. On the contrary, the connections
existing here with the United States are especially vigorous and
close, and will continue to be so. (Signature )
Potsdamer Handelskammer, /-x, . ,
Sitz Berlin. 13'
We thank you for sending us your circular "Boycott of
American Products" and beg to inform you that we are quite in
sympathy with the sentiments expressed therein, and that we
would be happy if the present war would not produce any
disturbing influence on the commercial relations between your
and our country. Indeed, there is absolutely no reason for such,
as the trade of both countries is dependent upon mutual exchange.
There can be no question as to boycotting products of neutral
countries especially the United States, and this never was the
The letters from the other Chambers of Commerce were
without exception to the same effect.
- M -
THE AMERICAN BUSINESS WORLD AND PRESENT
CONDITIONS IN GERMANY.
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the American
Association of Commerce and Trade it wa« resolved to send the
Secretary of the Association, Mr. George S. Atwood, to the
United States, to enlighten American business circles as to the
actual commercial and economical conditions now prevailing ia
Germany. Mr. Atwood will visit most of the largest commercial
and industrial centres in the United States and will lecture before
the members of large commercial corporations in each city, such
as the Chamber of Commerce of the United States in Washington,
the National Association of Manufacturers in New York, etc.
Mr. Atwood will lay special stress upon giving a clear
impression of Germany's standing; his statements will be
based upon official statictics treating with Germany's harvest, the
meat supply, present market prices, the natural resources of the
country, and the production in the various branches of industry,
the standing of the Reichsbank, the Kriegs-Kreditbank and the
German War Loan. He will have his lectures published by the
Prcse in each city.
LETTERS TO AMERICA.
Letters written in English or German can be handed In at
the PrufungssteUe. Postamt 17, Schlesischer Bahnhof. accompanied
w>th a certificate of the Berliner Handelskammer. All letter*
must be presented at the PrufungssteUe open, and after examl-
nation by the officer in charge can be closed in the presence of
K ^ despatched from there to their destination
by the shortest route. Mail written in English should be handed
in on Mondays. Mednesdays and Fridays; German letters every
day from >/• past nine to 1 o'clock and from Vi past 4 to
WAR RISK INSURANCE.
[Public No. 193, 63 d Congress— S. 6357.]
AK ACT To authorise the eetablishment of • Bureau of War Bisk
Insurance in the Treasury Department.
^I!!,' !f commerce of the United States is now greatly
m^fi through the absence of adequa^fad-
l^n.» -'u'"'."*^* American vessels and thek cargoee
against the nsks of war; and '*
^ff" L ^**"««* necessary and expedient that the United
btate. shall temporarily provide for the export shipping trade
of the United States adequate facilities for the insurance of its
commerce against the risks of war: Therefore
/i.w/''vTc^^^ 1^^. ^^'^^^ ""(l House of Representatives
of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That
there is esUblished in the Treasury Department a bureau to be
known as the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, the director of
which shall be entitled to a salary at the rate of $ 5.000
SEC. 2. That the said Bureau of War Risk Insurance, sub-
ject to the general direction of the Secretary of the Treasury
shall as soon as practicable, make provisions for the insurance by
the United States of American vessels, their freight and passage
moneys, and cargoes shipped or to be shipped therein, against
loss or damage by the risks of war, whenever it shall appear to
the Secretary that American vessels, shippers, or importers io
American vessels are unable in any trade to secure adequate war
risk insurance on reasonable terms.
SEC. 3. That the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, with the
approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, is hereby authorized
to adopt and publish a form of war risk policy, and to fix reas-
onable rates of premium for the insurance of American vessels,
their freight and passage moneys and cargoes against war risks,
which rates shall be subject to such change, to each port and for
each class, as the Secretary shall find may be required by the
circumstances. The proceeds of the aforesaid premiums when re-
ceived shall be covered into the Treasury of the United States.
SEC. 4. That the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, with the
approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, shall havs power to
make any and all rules and regulations necessary for carrying
out the purposes of this Act.
SEC. 5. That the Secretary of the Treasury is authorized
to establish an advisory board, to consist of three members skilled
in the practices of war risk insurance, for the purpose of assisting
the Bureau of War Risk Insurance in fixing rates of premium
and in adjustment of claims for losses, and generally in carrying
out the purposes of this Act; the compensation of the members
of said board to be determined by the Secretary of the Treasury,
but not to exceed $ 25 a day each, while actually employed. In
the event of disagreement as to the claim for losses, or amount
thereof, between the said bureau and the parties to such contract
of insurance, an action on the claim may be brought against the
United States In the District Court of the United States, sitting
in admiralty, in the district in which the claimant or his agent
SEC. (J. That the Director of the Bureau of War Risk In-
surance, upon the adjustment of any claims for losses in respect
of which no action shall have been begun, shall, on approvsd of
the Secretary of the Treasury, promptly pay such claim for losse*
- 56 -
to the party in interest; and the Secretary of the Treasury is
directed to make provision for the speedy adjustment of claims
for losses and also for the prompt notification of parties in intere^
of the decisions of the bureau on their claims.
SEC. 7. That for the purpose of paying losses accruing
under the provisions of this Act there is hereby appropriated
out of any money in the Treasury of the United States not
otherwise appropriated, the sum of $ 5,000,000.
SEC. 8. That there is hereby appropriated, for the purpose
of defraying the expenses of the establishment and maintenance
of the Bureau of War Risk Insurance, including the payment of
salaries herein authorized and other personal services in the District
of Columbia, out of any money in the Treasury of the United States
not otherwise appropriated, the sum of $ 100,000.
SEC. 9 That the President is authorized, whenever, in his
judgment, the necessity of further war insurance by the United
fhis Ant ? "'"'^'^ '°u'^''' '° ""^P^"d operations of
this Act in so far as it authorizes insurance by the United States
bfmfdi"?/'' ^'"^'^^ ^^."^'^^ ^1^='=^ suspension hal
Art h ; lir^ y^^" ^^ter the passage of this
Act, but shall not affect any insurance outstanding at the time
or any claims pending adjustment. For the purpos! of the f iTal
TwTRii '"'^ ^"^^'-"ding insurance or ci^ims, the Bureau
ot War Risk Insurance may, in the discretion of the President
be conunued in existence a further period not exceeding one year
X.- l^- ^^^^ ^ detailed statement of all expenditurea
under this Act and of all receipts hereunder shaU be SmS
to Congress at the beginning of each regular session ^""""'"^
itspafsage.^^' '^^^^ ^^'^ ^ct *hall take effect from and after
Approved, September 2, 1914.
rationrfor'tr'"'"^ ^^"^^"IS^^^'S^ of the sterling exchange ope-
on M ^^.'"^ delivered demand bills y^terdav morning
on Monday's an nl cation « at aqrI/. -ru- /^>^^iu<»y morning
the rate /t ^vWi! ?■ ^-^^ This compares with 4.96V4.
tne rate at which applications were fiUed on Saturday Thit
sugges s substantial progress, although no definite deT is vet
ava lable a^ to the amount of exchange that the commfttee hS
?ay SdTtrr" ""'^^ exchTgr/est'e^
attrihufin / ?^ P°°^ operations was firm, which mav be
— ^ —
following morning for allotments. Between these intervals there
Is obvious y very slight opportunity for large speculative commit-
ments^of foreign exchange to be created Advices from London
yesterday stated that £ 1,000,000 in New York Central notes was
being offered on a 6Va per cent basis. These presumably are
part of the issue of such notes recently offered here and ai-e
probably sufficient to meet the maturities that the New York
Central hues must meet in London at the present time
The gold pool wUl continue to offer exchange, it is under-
stood, m sufficient volume to gradually force a reduction of
sterLng exchange rates towards a point that would have existed
It conditions were normal. It is not the intention, however, to
force rates down in an arbitrary manner on a greater scale than
the situation wiU bear. Aside from the operations of the pool a
much more comfortable and cheerful feeling seems to be develop-
mg in foreign exchange circles. Some of the large London banks
and bankers have cabled their correspondents here that they were
prepared to extend a moderate volume of credit in the usual
Yorm. This is a development in the right direction, and now that
it has once started will necessarily make progress from day to
day. An additional instalment of gold for New York city obli-
gations that are maturing abroad is due to-morrow. This sum
will presumably be forwarded to Ottawa in the form of gold if
it is not paid by the members of the syndicate in the form of
exchange on London. journal of Commerce, New York.
NO LIMIT ON TRADE WITH BELLIGERENTS.
Washington, October 14.
Commercial transactions between the belligerent governments
of Europe and private citizens of the United States in no way
affect the neutrality of this country, even if arms and ammunition
are involved, according to a statement issued to-day by Robert
Lansinf, acting Secretary of State. Mr. Lansing says that he
was prompted to make the statement by numerous inquiries and
complaints indicating a widespread impression that American
business men cannot sell war supplies to the belligerents without
committing an unneutral act.
"In the first place," the statement adds, "it should be under-
stood that, generally speaking, a citizen of the United States can
sell to a belligerent government or its agent any article of com-
merce which he pleases. He is not prohibited from doing this
by any rule of international law, by any treaty publication or by
any statute of the United States. It makes no difference whether
the articles sold are exclusively for war purposes, such as fire-
arms, explosives, etc., or are foodstuflfs, clothing, horses, etc.,
for the use of the army or navy of the belligerent.
"Furthermore, a neutral government is not compelled by
international law, by treaty or by statute to prevent those sales
to » beUigerent Such tales, therefore, by AnericaD citixem do
not in the least affect the neutrality of the United State*.
"It la true that such articles as those mentioned are con-
sidered contraband and are, outside the territorial jurisdiction of
a neutral nation, subject to seizure by an enemy of the purchasing
goTemment, but it is the enemy's duty to prevent the articles
reaching their destination, not the duty of the nation whose citizens
have sold them. If the enemy of the purchasing nation happens
for the time to be unable to do this that is for him one of the
misfortunes of war; die inability, however, imposes on the neutral
government no obligation to prevent the sale.
"Neither the President nor any executive department of the
Government possesses the legal authority to interfere in any way
with trade between the people of this country and the territory of
a be ligerent. There is no act of Congress conferring such au-
thority or prohibrting traffic of this sort with Europ^n nations,
although m the case of neighboring American republics Congress
has given the President power to proclaim an embargo on arms
ivil smTe""""'"' ^^"'^ ^' j"''*™^* ''O"^** to Prevent
"For the Government of the United States itself to sell to a
"^'"''^ *° unneutral act. but for a private
L neiS * product of the United'^taJeJ
» neither unlawful nor unnatural, nor within the power of the
Executive to prevent or control. ^
'ongoing remarks, however, do not apply to the out-
ISh ' ft'^nishing of vessels in American port, or^ If mSit^
expeditions on American soil in aid of a beIHgerent These a^
are prohibited by the neutrality laws of the United Stat«.^
TO PROTEST AGAINST NEW INVOICE RULES.
The Ajnerican Importers' AssociaUon, U. S. A Inc at >
?K^tCn fr.h''^ "'^'^T ^'^'^'^ -end a c^mSee
ment to^^^il^ > f^'P*"* of '^questing the Treasury Depart-
reference to the decUraUon to be Wed by the •hipper abroad at
the time of ahipment (paragraph D. aection m. of the lOlt
"That it [the declaration] contalnt, If the merchandige vai
obtained by purchase, or agreement for purchase, a true and full
•tatement of the tune when, the place where, the person from whom
the same was purchased, or agreed to be purchased."
The consular regulations in paragraph 664 change this pro-
vision, accordmg to Mr. Sharretts. "Instead of requiring the de-
claration that IS specified and described in the statute with regard
to merchandise obtained by purchase or agreement for purchase."
he said, "the proposed regulation requires it in the case of merch-
andise shipped in pursuance of a purchase or an agreement of
purchase. The two situations are not the same. Let us assume
that 'A' is located in the United States and has various foreign
accounts. He is the agent for certain foreign manufacturers and
receives a commission on sales made by him in the United States.
He sends salesmen through the country and they receive orders
from customers all over the United States. The foreign manu-
facturers consign goods every week to 'A' so that he can fill the
orders received by him from his numerous customers, both whole-
sale and retail. Ordinarily the customers do not know who the
manufacturers are, and on the odier hand the manufacturers do
not know who their factor's customers are. When these goods
are shipped from abroad they will not have been obtained by
purchase or agreement for purchase. When 'A' receives the
goods in the United States he obtains them on consignment. He
does not obtain them by purchase or agreement for purchase. In
fact, such goods are not obtained by purchase or agreement for
purchase until the purchaser or party agreeing to purchase so
"In the above case 'A' is what is known as a 'factor.' He
is entrusted with tiie possession, disposal and control of the merch-
andise and may sell it in his own name and bind the principal.
The regulations in paragraph 664 seem to confuse the agent or
factor of the foreign seller with a 'broker.' The functions of the
two are not the same. The broker is, strictly speaking, the inter-
mediate negotiator between the seller and purchaser. He sells in
the name of his principal. He does not have possession, disposal
or control of the merchandise. The factor, on the contrary, sells
in his own name and has possession, disposal and control of the
Following the discussion of the Treasury ruling the pro-
posed by-laws of the association were read. They were adopted
with the understanding that the organization committee was to
make a few minor changes in language.
Henry D. Cooper, president of the association, acted as
chairman of the meeting.
- «0 —
THE AMERICAN RELIEF KITCHEN.
The Relief Kitchen which we reported in our Bulletin of
Uctober was formally opened on October 19 th 1914.
Herr Robert Guthmann, a leading citizen of Berlin, kindly
M^^L'^'fP^'"' i'^" ""^""'Se the "Villa" at Schlesische
Strasse No. 26 (situated in the laboring districts of the city)
fitted with large spacious rooms, well ventilated, with large modern
kitchen and modern equipments, especially suited for the purpose
meal Sv^^' °^ this ■•Relief Kitchen" is to give a wholesome
meal daily to as many distressed persons as the fund will permit.
The food is specially prepared by the "Volks-Kaffee- und
fsoT'jor th";''"'^''''^'^;' ^" organization founded in
TTie menn U P"'T^°^%°f .f PPlyi"g food to the poorer classes.
which^maki^^fr'^' Frauendienst", a charitable organization.
Stribute^h^M 1 investigation has kindly consented to
ot ten, each Committee serving weekly. ^^"lunueea.
The Patrons of the American Relief Kitchen are-
His Excellency the Honorable James W. Gerard, American
Ambassador, and Mrs. Gerard-
Consul- General Julius G. Lay and Mrs.' Lay
meal daily we are annLlfn f . ^ P^°P'^ ^ ^ood square
increase this number ^ *° ^""'""^ ^"'^ ^""ds to
A Contribution of
10 wUl enable us to serve another 25 meals
Relief^SS?"M^°j"'VSoV° the Treasurer of the American
ciation of Commerce and fiT' ^^'f °l American Asso-
^ommerce and Trade, Berlin, Friedrichstrasse 59-60.
" »» **
" >t »»
" " ft
'» •» it
»» » )»
" »> )»
of August 1914. The imnortt thl '""^ ^^'^ """'^
Dollars in Septen^ber, a^'^o^^'J: J^^^^ iT^iSr uTu".s?
import "w'Jf m .TlCVoUafs"^"^' "^^^ n.aiionl)"S. and the
over impo^rts wt^5"°in°VolLr"'"' '^-^ '^^''^ °'
Dollars in 1913. Dollars, as compared with 406 million
for » Tafue'T about ^80^00^° DoTrs"\" ^''Z
bales for a value of 6-) ^niliiTn ?i •• *o ''"mpa'-ed with 930 million
value 01 b5 million Dollars m September of the previous year.
RECENT UNITED STATES TREASURY DECISIONS.
(T. D. 34650-Q. A. 7586.)
American goods returned.
COMPLIANCE WITH REGULATIONS-"FILED WITH ENTRY"
of 190^ tlaV hrrh^^r7edam!i'n^^\he''°^ Customs Regulations
(T. D. 34666-G. A. 7589.)
Finality of board's decision.
^' ipPRAIsS^^^ ^^^'^^3 GENERAL
TTn,-f«jQf".^^*n"°° ^' ^"^^ °' 1909- the Board of
United States General Appraisers, in the trial and determination of issuei
arising under the tariff law, is created a court in everything but name-a
court of limited jurisdiction, but within that jurisdiction its power"
are made as ample as those of the United States Circuit Court.
2. FINALITY OP BOARD'S DECISION.
The decisions of the Board of United State* General Appraisers
m cases where it has jurisdiction of the subject matter and the perions"
are not only final and conclusive, not only presumed to be correct but
are absolutely verity when the same have not been appealed from in
the manner prescribed by law, and are to be treated as such in any
coUateral proceeding. Voorhees et al. v. United States Bank (10 Pet. 449)
It must be presumed by every court that when the board renders a
decision with reference to the classification of merchandise it does so
upon ample proof and the conclusion reached must stand as the law
and the accepted as such unless appealed from and reserved in the
manner prescribed by law. HUton's Administrators v. Jones
(159 U. S., 584).
3. CREDENCE TO BE GIVEN THE BOARD'S DECISION.
By subsection 14 of section 28, tariff act of 1909, the decision of the
Board of United States General Appraisers in classification cases, -when
acting within its jurisdiction, is made final and conclusive upon all
persons interested, except in cases appealed to the United Statea
Court of Customs Appeals in the manner provided by law.
(Readers of the "Bulletin" will please take notice that further
information about subjects under tJiis heading is always to be had npoa
application to the Secretary o( the Association.)
4. Well-to-do American business man, member of the Association,
residing in Berlin for some years thoroughly familiar with trade
conditions and well acquainted with the most important business
houses throughout Germany, solicits the representation for some
good article. Highest commercial and bank references, can
abo furnish bond or security.
6. Young English woman, of long experience and expert stenogra-
pher in English, German and French and who has been engaged
in government service, would like position with American firm.
6. Export nach den U. S. A.
in Artikeln der Metallindustrie. Hamburger Importeur mit vielen
Beziehungen in Nord- Amerika. ist bereit, sich ftir leistungs-
fahige Fabriken zwecks Anbahnung von Beziehungen zu be-
tatigen, gegen entsprechenden Reisezuschufi und Provision.
9. Energetic New Yorker, wishesGerman concerns, which would
hke to be represented in the United States, to communicate with
him givmg fuU particulars. Apply W. B. 132 care of this paper.
14. Well established manufacturers' Agents in BerUn covering all
Europe, open to new agencies for gents and ladies' furnishings.
15. American, member of the Association, open to agencies of
18. American, has had eleven years of general office experience
four m the mercantile and seven in the financial line, English
correspondent, speaks German, highly recommended desires
posiUon, temporary or permanent, part time or entire day.
American, speaking German and French, seeks good agencv
Best references. s
American manufacturers, desiring to enter the German market
successfully, wiU find it to their advantage to communicate with
American business man residing in Beriin, whose reputation in
introducing American products is established.
Young American, speaking German, graduate University Penn-
sylvania, wishes secretarial or clerical position.
NO SNAIL'S PACE in offices and counting houses whsre the
Writing- and Adding-Machine
is »t work. — The typewriter for speed and accuracy.
"The machine you will eventually buy"
J. MUGGLI, Berlin W 8, [^.rrrM
American Association of Commerce and Trade
for information regarding trade with Germany I
The American Association of Commerce and Trade is the
only American Chamber of Commerce In Germany, founded
by Americans and carried on by Americans.
ALL AMERICAN AND ENGLISH SPECIALTIES
PRESCRIPTIONS IN ENGLISH CAREFULLY PREPARED
BERLIN, POTSDAMER PLATZ
TELEPHONE: LUTZOW 198. TELEPHONE LUTZOW 198
R. F. DOWNING & CO.
Established 1856 NEW YORK CITY 45 &. 47 Pearl Street
Merchandise Forwarders and Customs Brokers.
Are prepared to receive and deliver goods to any part of the United States and Canada.
Duty paid by special arrangement and goods delivered free of all charges.
Accounts collected and remittances promptly made.
K. F. Downing & Co. will gladly furnish information on all shipping and customs matters.
THE "SMITH PREMIER"
owing to its "complete Keyboard" is THE typewriter
for Germany and the German language with its
abundant use of capital letters.
Ask us why?
"Smith Premier Typewriter Co."
6a Fritdrich - Straise, Berlin (Showroom Jt Copyiag office)
75 PoUdamer Straste (Executive offices^
«7/A8 JAE6ERSTRASSE, BERLIN. 19 W. 45th STREET, NEW-YORK.
8Y APPOINTMENT TO THE SERM*N IMPERIAL COIWT.
GENTLEMEN 'S FURNISHINGS.
IN EXCLUSIVE STYLES. NOT FOUND ELSEWHERE.
SHIRTS, HANOKERCMIEFS, CRAVATS, SOCKS, UNDERWEAR.
THE SENDI6 HOTELS
IN DRESDEN AND SCHANDAU
C. H. HUBERICH
of th« Bar of the Supreme Court of the United States
Attorney and Counsellor at law
BERLIN HAMBURG PARIS ROTTERDAM
39, Uattr den LImdtn II, Or. Bunla/i 4, rat It PtletUi 61, LeurtAareji
Cable address: (all offices) AMERILAW. W. U.. ABC, and Lieber'. Codes
American Association of Commerce and Trade
for information regarding trade with Germanyl
The American Association of Commerce and Trade is the
only American Chamber of Commerce in Germany, founded
by Americans in 1903 and carried on by Americans.
Fine Stationery a Specialty
BY APPOINTMENT TO THE COURT
Berlin C. 19, Hausvoifteiplatz 11 a
FINE PRINTING LITHOGRAPHY
THE VERA AMERICAN SHOE
made by RICE & HUTCHINS, BOSTON, Mass. U. S. A.
Salesrooms and General Offices for Europe
f74 FRIEDRICH-STRASSE 1J4.
Printera: Vercmigt* Knustanotalteo J. BarKoo SOhne Naohf., Berlia S.«.
Special facilities for (ransportalionof machinery, ironware etc.loQermaiiyand Russia.
Througfi rales quoted including freight, duty and all charges. For full
information apply to
JOSEPH SPIERO & CO.
17, Battery Place - New York
or to their General Representatives in: Berlin, Wikinger Ufer 1; Hamburg Frei-
hof; Konigsberg, Insel Venedig 3; Leipzig, Frankfurter Str. 29; Russian frontier
agencies at Eydtkuhnen, Prostken, Illowo, Thorn, Skalmierzyce, Brody,